Quantum Tunnelling to the Origin and Evolution of Life

Quantum tunnelling is a phenomenon which becomes relevant at the nanoscale and below. It is a paradox from the classical point of view as it enables elementary particles and atoms to permeate an energetic barrier without the need for sufficient energy to overcome it. Tunnelling is being of vital imp

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Quantum entanglement between the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA

Rieper, Anders and Vedral modelled the electron clouds of nucleic acids in a single strand of DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours. As a main result, the entanglement contained in the chain coincides with the binding energy

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Quantum Teleportation and Von Neumann Entropy

From the aspect of the quantum information theories, various quantum entropies are possibly computed at each stage, which ensures the emergence of the entangled states in the intermediate step. If a single qubit quantum teleportation is near the computational basis, the quantum measurement is domina

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A Mitochondrial Paradigm of Metabolic and Degenerative Diseases, Aging, and Cancer: A Dawn for Evolutionary Medicine

Progressive increase in mtDNA 3243A>G heteroplasmy causes abrupt transcriptional reprogramming Wallace hypothesized mitochondrial dysfunction as a central role in a wide range of age-related disorders and various forms of cancer. Steadily rising increases in mitochondrial DNA mutations cause abr

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About metabolism of a carcinoma cell

Most cancer cells utilize aerobic glycolysis irrespective of their tissue of origin. The alteration from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis – called the Warburg effect – is an universal phenomen and has now become a diagnostic tool for cancer detection. Warburg O, Posener K, Negelein E.

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A new theory of the origin of cancer: quantum coherent entanglement, centrioles, mitosis, and differentiation

Low non-specific, low intensity laser illumination (635, 670 or 830 nm) apparently enhances centriole replication and promotes cell division, what is the opposite of a desired cancer therapy. In the contrary, centrioles are sensitive to coherent light. Then higher intensity laser illumination - stil

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Wholeness and implicate order: “Deep” quantum chemistry and cell consciousness: quantum chemistry controls genes and biochemistry to give cells and higher organism’s consciousness and complex behavior

Bohm used the term ‘holomovement’ which is an unbroken and undivided totality and carries an implicate order which is he totality of an order including both the manifested and non-manifested aspects of the order. Non-local quantum phenomena reside in a subtler level than quantum level that is th

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Mitochondria and the evolutionary roots of cancer

Cancer is a group of almost 200 diseases that involve variety of changes in cell structure, morphology, and physiology. Cancer phenotype is underlying several alterations in cellular dynamics with three most critical features, which includes self-sufficiency in growth signals and insensitivity to in

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Implications of quantum metabolism and natural selection for the origin of cancer cells and tumor progression

Energy transfer in material solids is driven primarily by differences in intensive thermodynamic quantities such as pressure and temperature. The crucial observation  in quantum-theoretical models was the consideration of the heat capacity as associated with the vibrations of atoms in a crystalline

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Variation in cancer risk among tissues can be explained by the number of stem cell divisions

Tomasetti and Vogelstein show that the lifetime risk of cancers of many different types is strongly correlated with the total number of divisions of the normal self-renewing cells maintaining that tissue’s homeostasis. These results suggest that only a third of the variation in cancer risk among t

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Spitzmäuse schrumpfen im Winter und wachsen im Sommer

Bei Waldspitzmäusen schrumpft der Schädel im Winter um bis zu 15 Prozent, um dann im Frühjahr wieder um bis zu neun Prozent zu wachsen. Die Tiere verlieren insgesamt fast ein Fünftel ihres Körpergewichts über den Winter, verdoppeln ihr Gewicht dann aber im Frühjahr wieder. Wissenschaftler vom Max-Planck-Institut für Ornithologie in Radolfzell und Seewiesen haben herausgefunden, dass nicht nur die Knochen, sondern auch Organe und sogar das Gehirn abgebaut werden. Vermutlich sichert die Schrumpfung den Tieren mit ihrem hohen Stoffwechsel das Überleben in den kargen Wintermonaten. (Mehr in: Pressemitteilungen – idw – Informationsdienst Wissenschaft)

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Cancer news

Women prefer getting mammograms every year

22. Nov. 2017

Women prefer to get their mammograms every year, instead of every two years, according to a new study. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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One-size treatment for blood cancer probably doesn’t fit all, researchers say

22. Nov. 2017

Though African-American men are three times more likely to be diagnosed with a blood cancer called multiple myeloma, most scientific research on the disease has been based on people of European descent. That trend is problematic considering that African-Americans — the most at-risk population for multiple myeloma — have different genetics that can affect how this type of cancer progresses and what kind of targeted therapies are most effective. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Encouraging oxygen’s assault on iron may offer new way to kill lung cancer cells

22. Nov. 2017

Blocking the action of a key protein frees oxygen to damage iron-dependent proteins in lung and breast cancer cells, making them easier to kill, report investigators. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Study questions exclusion of cancer survivors from trials

22. Nov. 2017

A quarter of newly diagnosed cancer patients 65 or older are survivors who had a prior cancer – often preventing them from participating in clinical trials, researchers have found. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Genome of Leishmania reveals how this parasite adapts to environmental changes

22. Nov. 2017

Scientists demonstrate that Leishmania adaptation results from frequent and reversible chromosomal amplifications. This novel insight into Leishmania genomic instability should pave the way for the identification of parasite drug resistance mechanisms and help discover biomarkers. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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How common are new cancers in cancer survivors?

22. Nov. 2017

One quarter of adults 65 or older and 11 percent of younger patients diagnosed with cancer from 2009 to 2013 had a prior cancer history. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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HLF-gene controls generation of our long-term immune system

22. Nov. 2017

When the HLF (hepatic leukemia factor) gene — which is expressed in immature blood cells — does not shut down on time, we are unable to develop a functional long-term immune system, investigators have found. This could be a very early stage of leukemia, they say. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Specific tumor environment found that triggers cells to metastasize

21. Nov. 2017

The environment surrounding a tumor can trigger metastatic behavior in cancer cells, a team of bioengineers and bioinformaticians has discovered. Specifically, when tumor cells are confined in a dense environment, the researchers found that they turn on a specific set of genes and begin to form structures that resemble blood vessels. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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How disposable diapers can improve measurements of tumor growth

21. Nov. 2017

In pursuit of a better imaging phantom for improved tumor measurements, scientists hit upon an effective but unconventional solution: injecting water into disposable diapers. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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New study points the way to therapy for rare cancer that targets the young

21. Nov. 2017

Scientists have engineered a mouse model to study a rare and often-fatal form of liver cancer. They’ve used it to clarify what drives these tumors at the molecular level, and discover new drug concepts. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Revolutionary imaging technique uses CRISPR to map DNA mutations

21. Nov. 2017

A new nanomapping technology could transform the way disease-causing genetic mutations are diagnosed and discovered. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Decongestant revealed as ‚highly effective‘ in starving cancer cells

20. Nov. 2017

Cancer researchers seeking non-toxic alternatives to harmful chemotherapy are reporting a highly significant result for a humble cold remedy. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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New cell therapy for relapsed leukemia patients, suggested by clinical trial

20. Nov. 2017

A significant proportion of children and young adults with treatment-resistant B-cell leukemia who participated in a small study achieved remission with the help of a new form of gene therapy, according to researchers. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Improved method of engineering T-cells to attack cancer

20. Nov. 2017

Researchers have found a way to boost the cancer-destroying ability of the immune system’s T-cells, offering new hope in the fight against a wide range of cancers. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Osimertinib improves progression-free survival in Asian EGFR-mutated lung cancer patients

20. Nov. 2017

Osimertinib improves progression-free survival compared to standard first line therapy in Asian patients with EGFR-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the Asian subset analysis of the FLAURA trial. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Many cancer survivors are living with PTSD

20. Nov. 2017

A recent study showed approximately one-fifth of patients with cancer experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) several months after diagnosis, and many of these patients continued to live with PTSD years later. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Cell-weighing method could help doctors choose cancer drugs

20. Nov. 2017

Researchers can use a new type of measurement to predict how drugs will affect cancer cells taken from multiple myeloma patients. Their predictions correlated with how those patients actually fared when treated with those drugs. (Mehr in: Cancer News — ScienceDaily)

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Veranstaltungen

12. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Wirbelsäulengesellschaft (DWG)

20. Nov. 2017

Der diesjährige Schwerpunkt des Kongresses liegt auf den Themen Trauma und Tumor in der Wirbelsäulenchirurgie. Wichtige wissenschaftliche Beiträge zu Tumorerkrankungen, degenerativen Erkrankungen, entzündlichen und metabolischen Erkrankungen, Verletzungen und Deformitäten aber auch zu innovativen Techniken erwarten die Besucherinnen und Besucher. Dabei steht ein fächerübergreifender Ansatz im Vordergrund, denn auch auf dem Gebiet der Wirbelsäulenheilkunde gilt es, Bewährtes zu erhalten und gleichzeitig neuen Behandlungsmethoden gegenüber offen zu sein. Dass die Deutsche Wirbelsäulengesellschaft diesen Anspruch ernst nimmt, zeigt auch die Zentren-Zertifizierung, die in diesem Jahr gestartet wurde. (Mehr in: Veranstaltungen – idw – Informationsdienst Wissenschaft)

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Akademievorlesung "Wie werden Gentechnologien kontrolliert?" | 09.11.2017 18:00 Uhr – 21:00 Uhr

01. Nov. 2017

Mit der Akademievorlesung zieht die Interdisziplinare Arbeitsgruppe „Gentechnologiebericht“ 16 Jahre nach ihrer Gründung Bilanz anlässlich eines heute wie damals höchst umstrittenen und viel diskutierten Forschungsbereichs. In Expertenbeiträgen und Podiumsdiskussionen werden die Gentechnologien dabei sowohl in ihrer historischen und zukünftigen Entwicklung als auch in ihrer aktuellen gesellschafts- und forschungspolitischen Relevanz eingeordnet. (Mehr in: Veranstaltungen – idw – Informationsdienst Wissenschaft)

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Akademievorlesung "Gentechnologien damals, heute und morgen" | 02.11.2017 18:00 Uhr – 21:00 Uhr

01. Nov. 2017

Mit der Akademievorlesung zieht die Interdisziplinare Arbeitsgruppe „Gentechnologiebericht“ 16 Jahre nach ihrer Gründung Bilanz anlässlich eines heute wie damals höchst umstrittenen und viel diskutierten Forschungsbereichs. In Expertenbeiträgen und Podiumsdiskussionen werden die Gentechnologien dabei sowohl in ihrer historischen und zukünftigen Entwicklung als auch in ihrer aktuellen gesellschafts- und forschungspolitischen Relevanz eingeordnet. (Mehr in: Veranstaltungen – idw – Informationsdienst Wissenschaft)

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Air Pollution and Health: New Research Perspectives for a Growing Global Crisis

01. Nov. 2017

Joint symposium by the Academy of Science of South Africa and the Leopoldina (Mehr in: Veranstaltungen – idw – Informationsdienst Wissenschaft)

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6. Morbi-RSA Symposium

01. Nov. 2017

Eigentlich soll der morbiditätsorientierte Risikostrukturausgleich – kurz: Morbi-RSA – den Finanzausgleich zwischen den gesetzlichen Krankenversicherungen regeln. Fakt ist: Die Kassen haben nach wie vor die Möglichkeit, ärztliche Diagnosen zu beeinflussen, um so höhere Zuwendungen aus dem Gesundheitsfonds zu erreichen. Das geht aus einem Gutachten des Berliner IGES Instituts hervor – und liefert jede Menge Zündstoff für das 6. Morbi-RSA Symposium am 20. November 2017 in Essen. (Mehr in: Veranstaltungen – idw – Informationsdienst Wissenschaft)

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20. Gesundheitspolitisches Kolloquium

01. Nov. 2017

Wer übernimmt die Verantwortung in der Notfallversorgung? 20. Gesundheitspolitisches Kolloquium an der Frankfurt UAS diskutiert Optionen der Notfallversorgung in Hessen (Mehr in: Veranstaltungen – idw – Informationsdienst Wissenschaft)

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20. Deutsche Mukoviszidose Tagung

01. Nov. 2017

Biomarker im klinischen Alltag, Problemkeime jenseits des Pseudomonas, die Bedeutung von Physiotherapie in der Mukoviszidose-Behandlung – dies sind nur einige Beispiele für das breite Themenspektrum der Deutschen Mukoviszidose Tagung, die vom 16. bis 18. November 2017 in Würzburg stattfindet. (Mehr in: Veranstaltungen – idw – Informationsdienst Wissenschaft)

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